First time on a website about brain injuries? Feeling lost? Feeling unsure about what some of the words here mean? Here’s a quick breakdown of the meanings of common terms normally associated with acquired brain injuries:


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ABIAcquired Brain Injury

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is brain damage caused by events after birth, rather than as part of a genetic or congenital disorder such as foetal alcohol syndrome, perinatal illness or perinatal hypoxia.

ABI can result in cognitive, physical, emotional, or behavioural impairments that lead to permanent or temporary changes in functioning.

AHPAllied Health Professional

These are trained, clinical professionals who provide treatment and rehabilitation alongside doctors and nurses. Examples are Speech and Language Therapists and Occupational Therapists.

CQCCare Quality Commission

The independent regulator of health and social care in England, who monitor, inspect and rate hospitals, GPs and care homes, for their fundamental standards of care. These inspections are then rated as Outstanding, Good, Requires Improvement or Inadequate.

DoLSDeprivation of Liberty Safeguards

Amendments to the Mental Capacity Act 2005: allows restraint and restriction to be used, but ONLY if they are in the person’s best interest.

LDLearning Disability

Living with a learning disability means you find it harder to learn certain life skills.

MDTMulti-Disciplinary Team

A group of clinical professionals working together to provide the best care programme.

MHMental Health

A person’s condition with regard to their psychological and emotional well-being.

MTCMajor Trauma Centre

There are 26 established in England, of which 22 treat adults and with each linked to a number of supporting Trauma Units (TUs).

OTOccupational Therapist

An Occupational Therapist provides support and treatment to help people recover their ability to complete activities of daily living such as self-care, occupational skills etc.

PRNPro Re Nata

This is a Latin phrase describing medicines that are taken ‘as required’.

RMNRegistered Mental Health Nurse

A nurse trained in the nursing of psychiatric illnesses

RNRegistered Nurse

A nurse trained in nursing of general medical conditions.

SaLTSpeech and Language Therapist

They will assess and treat speech, language and communication problems.

SOVASafeguarding of Vulnerable Adults

This is to protect any person aged 18 or over from abuse. Forms of abuse include physical abuse, psychological or emotional abuse, financial abuse, neglect, professional abuse, sexual abuse, racism and sexism. The Bedford Borough Safeguarding Adults Team can be contacted on 01234 276 222 or on

TUsTrauma Units

See MTC (Major Trauma Centres)